Did you know that there are simple tips in growing the best peach tree in the garden? Well, yes there is. So, what is a peach tree in the first place? Peach tree is a perennial tree that grows up to 25 feet and can yield up to 70 pounds of peach fruits per tree every year. So adding peach trees in your gardens can be a good way to maximize your space and at the same time gives you additional income when the time comes when your peach trees starts to bear fruits. Peach tree fruits ranges from yellow to white in color, and it is tender and tasty when eaten. Harvest time for peaches starts from midsummer to early fall. After the flowers of the peach trees are pollinated, it requires about 4-5 months for the tree to bear fruit until it is harvested. So, how do we grow the best peaches? Here are simple tips in growing the best peach tree in the garden.
Tips in Growing The Best Peach Tree In The Garden
1. One Of The Tips In Growing The Best Peach Tree in the Garden is Understanding The Climate and site
Peaches have a high tolerance for cold weather. In fact peach trees require a chilling period at a temperature of about 45 degrees Fahrenheit or colder for it to bear fruits for the next season. The best way to know if the peach tree that you are about to plant in your garden is suitable in your area is to research on its variety and if it can thrive in your area. After successfully growing your peach tree, make sure that your tree receives a lot of sunlight during fruiting season. This will help in the ripening of the peaches. Peaches should also be planted in a well-drained sandy soil.
2. Planting time
It is best to plant your peaches in spring because during this time your soil will now be easier work with. In planting your peaches, dig a hole that can accommodate your tree. Put your tree in the whole with its roots spread out. Your tree should be two inches deeper than the depth it was in when it was still growing in the nursery. Peaches should be planted 20 feet apart. For dwarf peaches, 5-6 feet is the allowable distance for each tree. Water it generously after you have finished planting your tree. Add organic compost and fertilizers to help in the settlement of its roots. When your tree has grown, constantly prune your tree until it reaches its maturity. Peaches doesn’t also need the help of pollinators because peaches are already self fertile. But sometimes, bees still transfer pollen from tree to tree.
3. Water and feeding
Proper watering of your peaches is the key for its proper growth. During the first year, water your tree once a week. When your tree has already established itself to the ground, it will no longer require too much water. Watering it once in two weeks will be enough. To avoid fast moisture evaporation, mulch around your tree. Put compost in your peaches every spring and add organic fertilizers.
Pruning is very important if you want your peach tree to yield more fruits. When your tree is left un-pruned, the tree will produce small crops and fruits. It is best to prune your trees in late winter just before buds appear in your trees. Light pruning can be done during
When your peach trees start to bear fruits, the first fruits should be thinned. Thin your peaches when the fruits are about an inch in diameter. Distance each fruit 6-8 inches apart from each other. By thinning the fruits of your tree, the remaining fruits will grow larger in size and sweeter in taste. The sugar content and the flavor of the fruits will also be increased when thinning of fruits is done.
6. Pests and Diseases
Peaches are prone to pests and diseases. Insects such as tents, caterpillars, borers, mites, and fruit worms are just some of the insects that destroys peaches. Diseases such as peach leaf curl, peach scab, crown gall, and bacterial leaf spot are also some of the diseases that attack peach trees. Research on what is the best pest and disease control organic agent that can be used to control and eliminate these pests and diseases on your peaches.
Peaches will reach its maturity and ready to bear fruits in 3-4 years after it was planted. Peaches that mature on the tree will have higher sugar content. When the color of your peaches changes from green to yellow, then, your peaches are now ready for harvest. Just twist the fruit in your palm and the peach will easily come off the tree. It is best to eat peach fruit when it is freshly harvested.