Do you want to garden all year round? Then, you need to start a four season garden! Four season gardening is simply the growing and harvesting of crops that are found in all four seasons, winter, spring, summer, and fall. In four season gardening, crops are categorized by two types, cold season crops and warm season crops. Examples of cold season crops are arugula, cabbage, broccoli, leek, fennel, lettuce, peas and parsley. Warm season crops would be basil, tomatoes, eggplant, beans, and squash.

Here’s how to Start a Four Season Garden

Spring

Spring time gardening - four season garden

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Spring gardening should be done once frost has passed. You can start by planting cold season crops and as the temperature rises, you can gradually add warm season crops to your garden.

Fall

Fall gardening - four season garden

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Fall gardening can start as soon as July. Crops that are grown for fall are just the same as the veggies you’ve grown in the spring. During this time, it is advisable to germinate your seeds indoors because of the hot temperature of summer. As the weather cools, you can extend your veggie garden by adding mulch to your garden once the temperature starts to drop.

Winter

winter garden - four season garden

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Winter gardening is the hardest to do and to maintain in four-season gardening. Because of the extremely cold weather, it is hard to look for crops that are suitable for winter gardening. You need to look for crops that are specially bred and adaptable to the cold weather. The best thing to do is go to your local seed bank or garden depot stores and look for crop varieties with descriptions like freeze hardy, winter hardy, and anything that has a bred for winter label in its catalog. In growing your winter crops, make sure that by the time October arrives, the crops in your garden have now matured and are ready for harvest.

Summer

Summer gardening - four season garden

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Perennial herbs are the best to grow during summer. Oregano, thyme, sorrel, lavender, and chives are just some examples of perennial plants that are best grown during the summer season. Plant these herbs during the last weeks of spring and it will be ready for harvest when summer arrives. Since these plants are perennials, they can just grow back year after year. Tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants can also be grown during this time of the year.

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